There are two types of pathology in diabetes, the first of which is caused by the body’s immune system mistakenly attacking cells in the pancreas that make insulin.
Type 2 diabetes, which typically develops around middle age, is more prevalent in overweight individuals whose bodies stop responding to insulin.
This abnormal insulin regulation leads to a significant increase in blood sugar levels, which heightens the risk of heart attacks, blindness and kidney problems.
The two types can occur at different life stages and for a number of different reasons.
According to Everyday Health, early signs that sugar levels are ‘out of control’ may appear around the neck and armpits.